Trilateral Agreement Iran India Afghanistan

In keeping with its desire to be seen as an important regional player, Iran has taken the initiative to cooperate with all neighbouring countries to improve Chabahar`s transit potential. It signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Afghanistan and Tajikistan for the construction of railways, water lines and energy transport. She was very interested in extending the Khvaf-Herat railway line to connect it to the railways of Central Asia, Turkey and Europe. It has reached an agreement with Oman, Qatar, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan for the establishment of a transport corridor between these countries. In addition to Russia, Ukraine, Turkey, Oman, Syria, India and Central Asian countries, it is also an important partner in the North-South International Corridor (INSTC), which aims to link South Asian and Central Asian countries to Northern Europe via Iran and Russia. With regard to shabahar in particular, Iran considered it a turnkey port to connect India with Afghanistan and Central Asian countries. Initiatives include a road from Chabahar to Milak on the border with Afghanistan, the Chababahar-Faraj-Bam rail link, the Chabahar-Zahedan-Mashhad rail link, which continues to Herat and Mazar-e-Sharif in Afghanistan and Termez in Uzbekistan. [36] Iran also plans to build Iranrud, a Suez Canal through Iran, to connect the Caspian Sea to the Persian Gulf. [Citation required] The trilateral transit agreement signed by India, Iran and Afghanistan allows Indian goods to reach Afghanistan via Iran. It connects ports on the west coast of India to the port of Chabahar and includes road and rail links between Chabahar and the Afghan border. [47] India and Iran first agreed in 2003 on plans to develop the shahid Beheshti port, but not because of sanctions against Iran. [4] From 2016, the port has ten berths. [1] In May 2016, India and Iran signed a bilateral agreement in which India was to clean up one of the berths at Shahid Beheshti port and rebuild a 600-metre-long container transfer facility in the port.

[5] The port is supposed to offer part of the alternative to trade between India and Afghanistan, as it is 800 kilometres from the border with Afghanistan compared to the Pakistani port of Karachi. [6] In 2015, the port processed 2.1 million tonnes of cargo[7] which is expected to be reequipped to 8.5 million tonnes by 2016 and 86 million tonnes in the future. [8] [9] After the reintroduction of sanctions against Iran, foreign companies were reluctant to participate in the expansion of the port[10] and only 10% of the port`s total capacity of 8.5 million tonnes was used in 2019. [11] Sanctions also played a role in reducing India`s commitment and investments in the Chabahar-Zahedan Railway by $1.6 billion. [12] Iran, India and Afghanistan signed a trilateral transit agreement in Tehran in May 2016, allowing the three countries to open new routes of communication by transforming the port of Chabahar into a transit node. On October 29, 2017, the trilateral transit trade and the trilateral transit route were implemented when the first shipment of wheat from India was sent to Afghanistan via Chabahar. [57] The agreement was signed at the first meeting of the Coordinating Council of an agreement previously signed for the establishment of an international transport and transit corridor between Iran, India and Afghanistan. The second meeting of the monitoring committee on the implementation of the Chabahar trilateral agreement between India, Afghanistan and Iran at the level of the Joint Secretary General/Director General was held on Friday in New Delhi.